This is my theory.

Anything you want to say about Miles Kane and Alex Turners new band, Last Shadow Puppets. (also used for the fansite)

This is my theory.

Postby Eddie » Sun Dec 20, 2009 2:56 am

The meaning of the name 'Last Shadow Puppets'.

Last 1
Definition: of Last, to endure, contracted from lasteth.

Last 2
Definition: Being after all the others, similarly classed or considered, in time, place, or order of succession; following all the rest; final; hindmost; farthest; as, the last year of a century; the last man in a line of soldiers; the last page in a book; his last chance.

Last 3
Definition: Next before the present; as, I saw him last week.

Last 4
Definition: Supreme; highest in degree; utmost.

Last 5
Definition: Lowest in rank or degree; as, the last prize.

Last 6
Definition: Farthest of all from a given quality, character, or condition; most unlikely; having least fitness; as, he is the last person to be accused of theft.

Last 7
Definition: At a time or on an occasion which is the latest of all those spoken of or which have occurred; the last time; as, I saw him last in New York.

Last 8
Definition: In conclusion; finally.

Last 9
Definition: At a time next preceding the present time.

Last 10
Definition: To continue in time; to endure; to remain in existence.

Last 11
Definition: To endure use, or continue in existence, without impairment or exhaustion; as, this cloth lasts better than that; the fuel will last through the winter.

Last 12
Definition: A wooden block shaped like the human foot, on which boots and shoes are formed.

Last 13
Definition: To shape with a last; to fasten or fit to a last; to place smoothly on a last; as, to last a boot.

Last 14
Definition: A load; a heavy burden; hence, a certain weight or measure, generally estimated at lbs., but varying for different articles and in different countries. In England, a last of codfish, white herrings, meal, or ashes, is twelve barrels; a last of corn, ten quarters, or eighty bushels, in some parts of England, twenty-one quarters; of gunpowder, twenty-four barrels, each containing lbs; of red herrings, twenty cades, or of hides, twelve dozen; of leather, twenty dickers; of pitch and tar, fourteen barrels; of wool, twelve sacks; of flax or feathers, lbs.

Last 15
Definition: The burden of a ship; a cargo.

last 16
Definition: a person''s dying act; the last thing a person can do; "he breathed his last"

last 17
Definition: holding device shaped like a human foot that is used to fashion or repair shoes

last 18
Definition: the concluding parts of an event or occurrence; "the end was exciting"; "I had to miss the last of the movie"

last 19
Definition: a unit of capacity for grain equal to bushels

last 20
Definition: a unit of weight equal to pounds

last 21
Definition: the last or lowest in an ordering or series; "he was the last to leave"; "he finished an inglorious last"

last 22
Definition: the time at which life ends; continuing until dead; "she stayed until his death"; "a struggle to the last"

last 23
Definition: the temporal end; the concluding time; "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"; "the market was up at the finish"; "they were playing better at the close of the season"

last 24
Definition: continue to live; endure or last; "We went without water and food for days"; "These superstitions survive in the backwaters of America"; "The racecar driver lived through several very serious accidents"

last 25
Definition: persist or be long; in time; "The bad weather lasted for three days"

last 26
Definition: occurring at the time of death; "his last words"; "the last rites"

last 27
Definition: lowest in rank or importance; "last prize"; "in last place"

last 28
Definition: not to be altered or undone; "the judge''s decision is final"; "the arbiter will have the last say"

last 29
Definition: in accord with the most fashionable ideas or style; "wears only the latest style"; "the last thing in swimwear"; "knows the newest dances"; "cutting-edge technology"; "a with-it boutique"

last 30
Definition: occurring at or forming an end or termination; "his concluding words came as a surprise"; "the final chapter"; "the last days of the dinosaurs"; "terminal leave"

last 31
Definition: coming after all others in time or space or degree or being the only one remaining; "the last time I saw Paris"; "the last day of the month"; "had the last word"; "waited until the last minute"; "he raised his voice in a last supreme call"; "the last game

last 32
Definition: highest in extent or degree; "to the last measure of human endurance"; "whether they were accomplices in the last degree or a lesser one be determined individually"

last 33
Definition: most unlikely or unsuitable; "the last person we would have suspected"; "the last man they would have chosen for the job"

last 34
Definition: conclusive in a process or progression; "the final answer"; "a last resort"; "the net result"

last 35
Definition: more recently than any other time; "I saw him last in London"

last 36
Definition: the item at the end; "last, I''ll discuss family values"

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation, search
For other uses, see Shadow (disambiguation).
Shadow on the Ronald Reagan Building in Washington, D.C.

A shadow is an area where direct light from a light source cannot reach due to obstruction by an object. It occupies all of the space behind an opaque object with light in front of it. The cross section of a shadow is a two-dimensional silhouette, or reverse projection of the object blocking the light.

An astronomical object casts human-visible shadows when its apparent magnitude is equal or lower than -4[1]. Currently the only astronomical objects able to produce visible shadows on Earth are the Sun, the Moon and, in the right conditions, the planets of Mercury and Venus.

* 1 Variation with time
* 2 Non-point
* 3 Shadow propagation speed
* 4 Fog shadows
* 5 Other notes
* 6 Mythological connotations
* 7 Heraldry
* 8 See also
* 9 References

[edit] Variation with time

Shadow lengths change dramatically throughout the day. The length of a shadow cast on the ground is proportional to the cotangent of the sun's elevation angle – its angle θ relative to the horizon. Near sunrise and sunset, when θ=0° and cot(θ) is infinite, shadows can be extremely long. If the sun passes directly overhead, then θ = 90°, cot(θ)=0, and shadows are cast directly underneath objects.
[edit] Non-point
Umbra, penumbra and antumbra

For a non-point source of light, the shadow is divided into the umbra and penumbra. The wider the light source, the more blurred the shadow.

If there are multiple light sources there are multiple shadows, with overlapping parts darker, or a combination of colors. For a person or object touching the surface, like a person standing on the ground, or a pole in the ground, these converge at the point of touch.
[edit] Shadow propagation speed
Steam phase eruption of Castle Geyser in Yellowstone National Park casts a shadow on its own steam. Crepuscular rays are also seen.
Shadow cast by vapour trail of passing aircraft

The farther the distance from the object blocking the light to the surface of projection, the larger the silhouette (they are considered proportional). Also, if the object is moving, the shadow cast by the object will project an image with dimensions (length) expanding proportionally faster than the object's own length of movement. The increase of size and movement is also true if the distance between the object of interference and the light source are closer. This, however, does not mean the shadow may move faster than light, even when projected at vast distances, such as light years. The loss of light, which projects the shadow, will move towards the surface of projection at light speed.

The projected shadow may appear to have moved faster than the speed of light, but there is no actual physical manifestation moving upon the surface. The misconception is that the edge of a shadow "moves" along a wall, when in actuality the increase of a shadow's length is part of a new projection, which will propagate at the speed of light from the object of interference.
Fog Shadow of Sutro Tower

Since there is no actual communication between points in a shadow (except for reflection or interference of light, at the speed of light), a shadow that projects over a surface of large distances (light years) cannot give information between those distances with the shadow's edge.[2]
Fog Shadow of the South Tower of the Golden Gate Bridge
[edit] Fog shadows

These fascinating shadows look odd since humans are not used to seeing shadows in three dimensions. The thin fog is just dense enough to be illuminated by the light that passes through the gaps in a structure or in a tree. As a result, the path of an object shadow through the "fog" appears darkened. In a sense, these shadow lanes are similar to crepuscular rays, which are caused by cloud shadows, but here, they are caused by the shadows of solid objects.

[edit] Other notes

A shadow cast by the Earth on the Moon is a lunar eclipse. Conversely, a shadow cast by the Moon on the Earth is a solar eclipse.

On satellite imagery and aerial photographs, taken vertically, tall buildings can be recognized as such by their long shadows (if the photographs are not taken in the tropics around noon), while these also show more of the shape of these buildings.
Inverted shadow of text

A shadow shows, apart from distortion, the same image as the silhouette when looking at the object from the sun-side, hence the mirror image of the silhouette seen from the other side (see picture).

Shadow as a term is often used for any occlusion, not just those with respect to light. For example, a rain shadow is a dry area, which, with respect to the prevailing wind direction, is beyond a mountain range; the range is "blocking" water from crossing the area. An acoustic shadow can be created by terrain as well that will leave spots that can't easily hear sounds from a distance.
[edit] Mythological connotations
Main article: ghost

An unattended shadow or shade was thought by some cultures to be similar to that of a ghost.

It is also believed as an alternative construct that shadows are in fact a representation of God's presence around an object; like a halo. Early eastern beliefs also play to this theory. For example, Vishnu (a prominent Hindu god) would appear to help followers by assisting with tasks by lending some of his extra arms to assist the burden of the person.
[edit] Heraldry

In heraldry, when a charge is supposedly shown in shadow (the appearance is of the charge merely being outlined in a neutral tint rather than being of one or more tinctures different from the field on which it is placed), it is called umbrated. Supposedly only a limited number of specific charges can be so depicted.
[edit] See also
Search Wikimedia Commons Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Shadow

* Applications for more physical and mathematical discussion about shadows
* Gnomon
* Shade
* Shadow people
* Shadow play
* Trigonometry

[edit] References

1. ^ NASA Science Question of the Week, April 7, 2006
2. ^ Is Faster-Than-Light Travel or Communication Possible? by Philip Gibbs

Retrieved from ""
Categories: Optical phenomena

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:navigation, search
For the configuration management tool, see Puppet (tool).
"Puppets" redirects here. For the 1916 drama film, see Puppets (film).
"Puppit" redirects here. For the enemy in Super Smash Bros. Brawl, see Super Smash Bros. Brawl.
Vietnamese Water Puppets

A puppet is an inanimate object or representational figure animated or manipulated by a puppeteer. It is usually (but by no means always) a depiction of a human character, and is used in puppetry, a play or a presentation that is a very ancient form of theatre. The puppet undergoes a process of transformation through being animated, and is normally manipulated by at least one puppeteer.

There are many different varieties of puppets, and they are made of a wide range of materials, depending on their form and intended use. They can be extremely complex or very simple in their construction. They may even be found objects. As Oscar Wilde wrote, "There are many advantages in puppets. They never argue. They have no crude views about art. They have no private lives".

* 1 Puppet Types
* 2 puppet websites
* 3 See also
* 4 Non-puppetry related usages of the word
* 5 Notes
* 6 References
* 7 Books and articles

[edit] Puppet Types

Puppetry by its nature is a flexible and inventive medium, and many puppet companies work with combinations of puppet forms, and incorporate real objects into their performances. So a bought corkscrew can become a dancer puppet; or they incorporate 'performing objects' such as torn paper for snow, or a sign board with words as narrative devices within a production. The following are, alphabetically, the basic and conventional forms of puppet:

* Black light puppet - A form of puppetizing where the puppets are operated on a stage lit only with ultraviolet lighting, which both hides the puppeteer and accentuates the colours of the puppet. The puppeteers perform dressed in black against a black background, with the background and costume normally made of black velvet. The puppeteers manipulate the puppets into the light, while they position themselves unseen against the black unlit background. Puppets of all sizes and types are able to be used, and glow in a powerful and magical way. The original concept of this form of puppetry can be traced to Bunraku puppetry.
* Bunraku puppet – Bunraku puppets are a type of wood-carved puppet originally made to stand out through torch illumination. Developed in Japan over a thousand years ago and formalised and combined with shamisen music at the end of the 16th century, the puppeteers dress to remain neutral against a black background, although their presence as kind of 'shadow' figures adds a mysterious power to the puppet. Bunraku traditionally uses three puppeteers to operate a puppet that is close to half life-size. [1]
* Carnival or body puppet - usually designed to be part of a large spectacle. These are often used in parades (such as the May day parade in Minneapolis, USA) and demonstrations, and are at least the size of a human and often much larger. One or more performers are required to move the body and limbs. In parades, the appearance and personality of the person inside is not relevant to the spectator. These puppets are particularly associated with large scale entertainment, such as the nightly parades at various Disney complexes around the world. Similar puppets were designed by Julie Taymor for The Lion King, derived in part from the parade tradition.

Big Bird from Sesame Street is a classic example of a Body puppet. The puppeteer is enclosed within the costume, and will extend their right hand over the head to operate the head and neck of the puppet. The puppeteer's left hand serves as the Bird's left hand, while the right hand is stuffed and hangs loosely from a fishing line (which can occasionally be seen in closeup shots) that runs through a loop under the neck and attaches to the wrist of the left hand. The right hand thus does the opposite of the left hand: as the left hand goes down, the right hand is pulled up by the fishing line.

Carnival Puppet featuring two puppeteers - Minneapolis, USA: May Day Parade

Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez - human carnival puppet

* Chinface puppet - A type of puppet in which the puppet features are drawn on, and otherwise attached to, the face.
* Finger puppet - An extremely simple puppet variant which fits onto a single finger. Finger puppets normally have no moving parts, and consist primarily of a hollow cylinder shape to cover the finger. This form of puppet has limited application, and is used mainly in pre-schools or kindergartens for storytelling with young children.

Finger puppets

Finger puppets at the Art Gallery of Ontario

* Hand or glove puppet - These are puppets controlled by one hand which occupies the interior of the puppet. Punch and Judy puppets are familiar examples of hand puppets. Larger varieties of hand puppets place the puppeteer's hand in just the puppet's head, controlling the mouth and head, and the puppet's body then hangs over the entire arm. Other parts of the puppet (mainly arms, but special variants exist with eyelids which can be manipulated; the mouth may also open and close) are usually not much larger than the hand itself. A sock puppet is a particularly simple type of hand puppet made from a sock.[2]

British traditional hand or glove puppets, Punch and Judy

Simple sock puppets

Hand or glove puppet dog

* Human-arm puppet - Also called a "two-man puppet" or a "Live-hand puppet"; it is similar to a hand puppet but is larger and requires two puppeteers. One puppeteer places a hand inside the puppet's head and operates its head and mouth, while the other puppeteer wears gloves and special sleeves attached to the puppet in order to become the puppet's arms, so that the puppet can perform arbitrary hand gestures. This is a form of glove or hand puppetry and rod puppetry.

"Briegel der Busch" puppet and puppeteer Jan Mixsa, autographing at "Erstes Fantreffen von Bernd das Brot"

"Chili das Schaf" puppet and creators Tommy Krappweis and Erik Haffner, taken at "Erstes Fantreffen von Bernd das Brot"

* Instant Puppet - This kind of puppetry is practised by Drew Colby of Objects Dart, where the puppet (most often created out of everyday objects (see Object Puppet below)) is created as part of the performance, in order to add detail to the characterisation of the puppet. The puppets are very often loosely of the rod or table-top type, and can be highly articulated.
* Light Curtain puppet presentations use specifically focused light to highlight small areas of a performance. The puppets stand on a stage divided into a unlit background and a well lit foreground, meeting to form a "curtain" of light. The puppeteer dresses in black and remains hidden in the unlit background of the stage while the puppet is held across the light curtain in the lit foreground of the stage. "Light curtain puppet" is an umbrella term, and any puppet which is extended into a well-lit area where its handler remains separated from the puppet by a division of light may be called a light curtain puppet.[citation needed]
* Marionette or "string puppet" - These puppets are suspended and controlled by a number of strings, plus sometimes a central rod attached to a control bar held from above by the puppeteer. The control bar can be either a horizontal or vertical one. Basic strings for operation are usually attached to the head, back, hands (to control the arms) and just above the knee (to control the legs).[3] This form of puppetry is complex and sophisticated to operate, requiring greater manipulative control than a finger, glove or rod puppet. The puppet play performed by the Von Trapp children with Maria in The Sound of Music is a marionette show.

A puppeteer manipulating a Marionette

Marionettes from the Swedish Cottage Marionette Theatre, New York, USA production of "Cinderella Samba"

A puppeteer manipulating a Marionette in Prague, Czech Republic

Puppeteer performing in New Orleans, Louisiana

* Marotte - A simplified rod puppet that is just a head and/or body on a stick. In a marotte à main prenante, the puppeteer's other arm emerges from the body (which is just a cloth drape) to act as the puppet's arm. Some marottes have a small string running through the stick attached to a handle at the bottom. When the handle is squeezed, the mouth opens.
* Muppet - A term referring to some of the puppets constructed by the Jim Henson Company. Often informally used to refer to puppets that resemble those of The Muppet Show or built by the Henson Company. The main puppet forms used were glove or hand puppets and rod puppets.
* Object Puppet - A type of puppet often created with found or everyday objects, sometimes created in performance (see Instant Puppets above) or pre-created. The object puppet will often take on character by the quality of manipulation and voice to suggest to the audience what the object has become (now that it is no longer itself).
* Pull String Puppet - a puppet consisting of a cloth body where in the puppeteer puts his/her arm into a slot in the back and pulls rings on strings that do certain tasks such as waving or moving the mouth.
* Push puppet - A push puppet consists of a segmented character on a base which is kept under tension until the button on the bottom is pressed. The puppet wiggles, slumps and then collapses, and is usually used as a novelty toy.
* Push-in or Paper puppet, or Toy Theatre - A puppet cut out of paper and stuck onto card. It is fixed at its base to a stick and operated by pushing it in from the side of the puppet theatre. Sheets were produced for puppets and scenery from the 19th century for children's use.

Push-in puppet hands

* Rod Puppet - A puppet constructed around a central rod secured to the head. A large glove covers the rod and is attached to the neck of the puppet. A rod puppet is controlled by the puppeteer moving the metal rods attached to the hands of the puppet and by turning the central rod secured to the head.

Preparing a rod puppet for a performance of Town Musicians of Bremen, Sibiu, Romania, 2002.

Rod puppets from the Horse and Bamboo Theatre production 'Harvest of Ghosts' 1997

* Señor Wences - A Señor Wences is a type of hand puppet created from a human hand, where the puppet features are drawn on and attached to the hand itself, and the thumb and forefinger are used as a mouth.
* Shadow puppet - A cut-out figure held between a source of light and a translucent screen. Untypical, as it is two-dimensional in form, shadow puppets can form solid silhouettes, or be decorated with various amounts of cut-out details. Colour can be introduced into the cut-out shapes to provide a different dimension and different effects can be achieved by moving the puppet (or light source) out of focus. Javanese shadow puppets (Wayang Kulit) are the classic example of this.[4]

Shadow Puppets, Jakarta, Indonesia

* Supermarionation - A method invented by Gerry Anderson which assisted in his television series Thunderbirds in electronically moving the mouths of marionettes to allow for lip-synchronised speech. The marionettes were still controlled by human manipulators with strings.
* Ticklebug - A ticklebug is a type of hand puppet created from a human hand to have four legs, where the puppet features are drawn on the hand itself. The middle finger is lifted as a head, and the thumb and forefinger serve as a first set of two legs on one side, while the ring finger and little finger serve as a second set of two legs on the opposite side.[citation needed]
* Table Top Puppets - A puppet usually operated by rod or direct contact from behind, on a surface not dissimilar to a table top (hence the name). Shares many characteristics with Bunraku..
* Ventriloquist dummy - A puppet operated by a ventriloquist performer to focus the audience's attention from the performer's activities and heighten the illusions. They are called dummies because they do not speak on their own. The ventriloquist dummy is controlled by the one hand of the ventriloquist.

Ventriloquist Dummy Puppet from India manipulated by Indian Ventriloquist, Puppeteer, Puppet-Maker Ramdas Padhye

Satyajit Padhye is a 3rd-generation ventriloquist and puppeteer, and son of Ramdas Padhye.

* Water Puppet - a Vietnamese puppet form, the "Múa rối nước". Múa rối nước literally means "puppets that dance on water", an ancient tradition that dates back to the tenth century. The puppets are built out of wood and the shows are performed in a waist-deep pool. A large rod supports the puppet under the water and is used by the puppeteers to control them. The appearance is of the puppets moving over the water. When the rice fields would flood, the villagers would entertain each other using this puppet form.

[edit] puppet websites

[edit] See also

* Animation or digital puppet. Animation is a related but essentially different process from puppetry. Animating puppets in time-based media such as film or video is a simulation of movement created by displaying a series of pictures, or frames, whereas puppetry is the live manipulation of figures. Puppet animation, or "puppetoon", can refer either to Stop motion filming, where the movements of the puppets are created frame-by-frame; or "Supermarionation (see above).

Main article: Puppetoon

* Karakuri ningyō - Mechanized puppets or automata from Japan.
* Lübeck Museum of Theatre Puppets
* Pelham puppets - A type of factory-made puppet created by Bob Pelham famous for making mainly string puppets (Marionettes) In the UK from 1947 to 1993. In 2008 the Pelham Puppet company was revived by a former employee of the original factory and now produces a new line of Pelham Puppets some echoing former styles.
* Persian theatre
* Puppetry - for the cultural and theatrical history of puppet theatre
* Punch and Judy
* Rajasthani Puppet - String marionettes originating from the state of Rajasthan in India.
* Thai hand puppets - A variety of hand puppets from Thailand.

[edit] Non-puppetry related usages of the word

The word puppet can mean a political leader installed, supported and controlled by more powerful forces, without legitimacy in the country itself. In modern times, this usually implies no democratic mandate from the country's electorate; in earlier times, it could have meant a monarch imposed from outside, who was not a member of a country's established ruling dynasty, and/or unrecognised by its nobility. "Puppet government", "puppet regime" and "puppet state" are derogatory terms for a government which is in charge of a region or country, but only through being installed, supported and controlled by a more powerful outside government (see Quisling).

In a more general sense, a puppet is any person who is controlled by another by reasons of (for instance) undue influence, intellectual deficiency, or lack of character or charisma. Science fiction writer Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Puppet Masters depicts alien parasites who attach themselves to human beings and control their actions.

Poppet, a word that sounds similar, is sometimes a term of endearment, similar to "love", "pet", "doll" or "dear". It alludes to folk-magic and witchcraft, where a poppet is a special doll created to represent a person for the purpose of casting healing, fertility, or binding spells.
[edit] Notes

1. ^ Adachi, Barbara C., Backstage at Bunraku, Weatherhill, 1985 . ISBN 0-8348-0199-X
2. ^ Currell, David, Introduction to Puppets and Puppetmaking, p.7
3. ^ Robinson, Patricia and Stuart, Exploring Puppetry, p.64
4. ^ Currell, David, An Introduction to Puppets and Puppetmaking', p.7

[edit] References

* Ghosh, S.; Massey, Reginald, and Banerjee, Utpal Kumar, Indian Puppets: Past, Present and Future, Abhinav Publications, 2006. ISBN 817017435X.
* Bell, John, Strings, Hands, Shadows: A Modern Puppet History, Wayne State University Press, 2000. ISBN 0895581566.

[edit] Books and articles

* Baird, Bil (1966). The Art of the Puppet. Plays. ISBN 10 0823800679.
* Beaton, Mabel; Les Beaton (1948). Marionettes: A Hobby for Everyone. New York.
* Bell, John (2000). Strings, Hands, Shadows: A Modern Puppet History. Detroit, USA: Detroit Institute of Art. ISBN 0 89558 156 6.
* Binyon, Helen (1966). Puppetry Today. London: Studio Vista Limited.
* Choe, Sang-su (1961). A Study of the Korean Puppet Play. The Korean Books Publishing Company Ltd..
* Currell, David (1985). The Complete Book of Puppetry. London: A & C Black (Publishers) Ltd.. ISBN 0-7136-2429-9.
* Currell, David (1992). An Introduction to Puppets and Puppetmaking. London: New Burlington Books, Quintet Publishing Limited. ISBN 1 85348 389 3.
* Dubska, Alice; Jan Novak, Nina Malikova, Marie Zdenkova (2006). Czech Puppet Theatre. Prague: Theatre Institute. ISBN 80 7008 199 6.
* Dugan, E.A. (1990). Emotions in Motion. Montreal, Canada: Galerie Amrad. ISBN 0 9693081 5 9.
* Feeney, John (1999). Puppet. Saudi Aramco World.
* Flower, Cedric; Alan Fortney (1983). Puppets: Methods and Materials. Worcester, Massachusetts: Davis Publications, Inc.
* Latshaw, George (2000). The Complete Book of Puppetry. London: Dover Publications. ISBN 978-048640-952-8.
* Lindsay, Hilaire (1976). The First Puppet Book. Leichardt, NSW, Australia: Ansay Pty Ltd. ISBN 0 909245.
* Mulholland, John (1961). Practical Puppetry. London: Herbert Jenkins Ltd..
* Richmond, Arthur (1950). Remo Bufano's Book of Puppetry. New York: The Macmillan Company.
* Robinson, Stuart; Patricia Robertson (1967). Exploring Puppetry. London: Mills & Boon Limited.
* Rump, Nan (1996). Puppets and Masks: Stagecraft and Storytelling. Worcester, Massachusetts: Davis Publications.
* Sinclair, Anita (1995). The Puppetry Handbook. Richmond, Victoria, Australia: Richard Lee Publishing. ISBN 0 646 39063 5.
* Shellstein, Sheldon; Sheldon T. Shellstein (April 2006). "The Rise Of Shoop: the meteoric rise of Sheldon". Kid Time Press.
* Suib, Leonard; Muriel Broadman (1975). Marionettes Onstage!. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers. ISBN 0 06 014166 2.

Search Wiktionary Look up puppet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
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Great Job!
I like the Arcitc really, I do!
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Postby noonsun » Sun Dec 20, 2009 3:26 am

eddie you are retarded
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Postby Eddie » Sun Dec 20, 2009 4:11 am

I am gifted [smilie=row__422.gif]
I like the Arcitc really, I do!
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Postby noonsun » Sun Dec 20, 2009 9:51 pm

No, definitely retarded
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Postby Eddie » Sun Dec 20, 2009 11:53 pm

Great Job!
I like the Arcitc really, I do!
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Postby noonsun » Sun Dec 20, 2009 11:54 pm


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